Friday, September 6, 2013

Re-reading and writing assignment for Monday NOW WEDNESDAY:
-          How do the different moral theories in the Rachels chapter (“A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy”) (online on the blog) explain why the wrong actions (as a group) below are wrong and the not wrong actions are not wrong? Write a short essay that explains each theory’s answer(s), starting with the theories at the end and working towards the theories at the beginning. J
o    According to this theory…. , these actions are wrong because ….

Re-read for Wed: read the Pence chapter. Answer the discussion questions at the end of the chapter.

For Friday, read the stuff on African moral theories: 


  • Metz, T. (2007), Toward an African Moral Theory. Journal of Political Philosophy, 15: 321–341. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9760.2007.00280.x  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2007.00280.x/full 
  • Gyekye, Kwame, "African Ethics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2011/entries/african-ethics/>. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/african-ethics/ 
  • Also to do:
    1. Read Introduction and Part 1 of the Harvard book on writing.
    2. Read: "How to Read Philosophy," by Jim Pryor: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/reading.html
    3. The Rachels chapter on moral theories. "A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy."
    4. Pence chapter on Ethical Theories and Bioethics.
    5. Readings on African Ethics. See links above.




    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE OBVIOUSLY WRONG. VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST L
    Anything else that comes up that doesn’t fit either category?
    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE OBVIOUSLY NOT WRONG; and/or permissible, and/or obligatory, and/or good.. . VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST
    • Killing innocent children
    • Raping pregnant women
    • Urinating on homeless people
    • Decapitating cute puppies for pleasure
    • Not saving a child from drowning
    • Forcing people to become addicted to recreational drugs
    • Stealing money from poor people when you are filthy rich
    • Coercion
    • Unnecessary and irrelevant discrimination based on aesthetic preference
    • Acid baths because you are turned down by a love interest
    • Censorship for the purposes of social control
    • Incest = abusive romantic and sexual relationships within family
    • Slavery…
    •  
    •  
    -          Making people laugh.. when it is not at the expense of another, and in an appropriate situation…
    -          Eating food when you are hungry
    -          Sleeping when you are tired..
    -          Paying bills on time; being financially responsible..
    -          Saving innocent lives … when you can (obviously)..
    -          Giving to the poor..
    -          Drinking coffee..
    -          NOT HARMING OTHERS..
    -          BENEFITTING OTHERS …
    -          TREATING PEOPLE FAIRLY..
    -          TREATING PEOPLE WITH RESPECT..





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