Wednesday, April 16, 2008

Paper 3: Human & Animal Experimentation


Due: Final Exam time -- Tuesday, May 6th: 1:00 PM - 3:00 PM

Write a clear, well-organized argumentative essay (5 page approx.) in which you:


1. Briefly describe and summarize the (arguably) morally worst experiments done on human beings. See Pence chapter on human experimentation.
2. Explain how the theories developed by Singer (in "All Animals Are Equal") and Regan (in "Empty Cages") would explain why these ways of treating human beings is wrong (if these theories would imply this). To do this, you must, of course, fully explain their theories and how they apply to the cases in (1) above.
3. Briefly describe and summarize the (arguably) morally worst experiments done on animals. See Singer, Regan and Pence writings on animal experimentation.
4. Explain how the theories developed by Singer (in "All Animals Are Equal") and Regan (in "Empty Cages") would explain why these ways of treating animals are wrong (if these theories would imply this). To do this, you must, of course, fully explain their theories and how they apply to the cases in (3) above.
5. Explain whether their arguments in (4) -- i.e., their arguments against animal experimentation -- are sound or not. Explain whether their arguments against the kinds of human experimentation in (1) are sound or not.
6. Defend your views from the strongest objections. Raise the strongest objections and respond to them.

Before writing, review the relevant sections on how to write a philosophy paper from Vaughn.

Paper 2 – ALSO DUE AT FINAL EXAM TIME?

???? Due in 2 weeks, April 18, in class. Or due Monday, or due at the Final time. No late papers accepted.????

In the last few weeks we have discussed the ethics of reproductive cloning (Pence Ch. 7), experimentation on or with human embryos and stem cells (Pence Ch. 6) and abortion (Pence Ch. 4). In addition to Pence, we have read a number of more “primary source” readings on these topics that advocated for various conclusions and argued for them.

For this paper I want you to pick one of the issues above, develop a conclusion about the morality of one of these issues, and defend it. You must discuss at least five arguments for and/or against your conclusion: perhaps you would want to present one main argument in favor of your conclusion and critique four arguments given in response to your view, or four arguments that are objections to your view.

You must discuss at least two sources beyond Pence.

You should re-read the relevant sections of the book on writing philosophical papers and make sure you follow that guidance.

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