Friday, November 22, 2013

New assignment, due Monday after Thanksgiving:
Read Pence Ch 15 and 16 on Aids and Medicine and Inequality.
Write: what are three of the most important issues, claims and/or arguments from the chapters?

Today we started reading this related article:
Racial Health Disparities & Race-Based Bioethics: A Critique of a Critique

Monday, November 18, 2013

Library Guide to Philosophy resources:

http://research.auctr.edu/content.php?pid=18623&sid=128062

Thursday, November 14, 2013

No class Friday; for Monday

We will not have class Friday so that you can work on your assignments, some of which might be late.
Please contact me by Monday by email with extensive details about your final project.

We have read classic articles in bioethics by
- James Rachels,
- Francis Beckwith (not a 'classic', but important nevertheless), with a mention of David Boonin,
- Mary Anne Warren,
- Judith Thompson,
- Tom Regan,
- Tibor Machan,
- some papers by Nathan Nobis on various issues (not quite classics ..)

Most of these papers and authors continue to be discussed. For a final project you could find some recent criticism or objection of these authors, or a more recent article by some of these authors, and explain whether the objection or criticism is a good one or not. That could easily result in a conference-worthy presentation!

Or you could do a topic that we haven't yet discussed much.

Contact me by Monday with a detailed plan. Monday we might discuss that article of mine on animal experimentation that I handed out the other day.

Friday, November 8, 2013

Extra credit: The next event in the Series on Political Philosophy in Atlanta (SOPHIA) will take place this coming Monday, Nov. 11th, at 3pm in the African American Hall of Fame.  Chioke I’Anson, of the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Spelman, will speak on “The Neglected Question of Race in International Humanitarian Discourse.”  For more information, please see the attached flyer or visit the series website: www.sophiaatl.org.

Wednesday, November 6, 2013

In class, we are reading Tom Regan's article "Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection." Please continue to read this.

For Monday, read  in Pence the chapters entitled "Research on Humans Subject" and "Can Medical Research on Animals Be Justified?" Identify at least 5 important themes or issues from those chapters and write something that presents these themes either as an (a) essay or, more interestingly (b) a Powerpoint presentation or, even better (c) an audio or audio/visual lecture, recorded by a webcam or whatever else. Due Monday.

Monday, October 28, 2013

Some sample outlines from today:


1.   Introduction- ?
a.   Who you are talking about…
2.   Main Conclusion of this Author
a.   Minor conclusions
3.   Reasons or Arguments in Favor of this Author’s Main Conclusions
a.   Reasons or Arguments in Favor of this Author’s Minor Conclusions
4.   Evaluations of the Arguments
5.   Objections Discussed
a.   Your response to whatever the author says about the objections (?)
6.   Responses to the Objections
7.   Conclusion

1.    Introduction
a.     Main topic Written by TA
                                                             i.      Argument by TA
                                                           ii.      Argument By TA
b.    Thesis is our personal response to the TA’s article
2.    Argument by TA
a.     Our argument  response
3.    Argument by TA
a.     Our argument response
4.    Overall Personal opinion on Argument
5.    Conclusion
a.     Briefly talk about each of the arguments you discussed in the paper and the conclusions you came up with

b.    Give ending statement
This Wednesday, we are meeting in the library with the librarian, Mr. Brad Ost. In Room 202A.
He will help us review the resources for research in philosophy. 

Monday, October 21, 2013

Today's notes

Story: Harrison Bergeron

Notes on topics:

1.    Human organ and Tissue transplants – SETH
-         Having babies for the purpose of creating organs
-         Artificial tissues?
2.    Artificial Insemination in test tube babies
a.     Is it OK to do this when there many many children who need to be adopted?
b.    Is it OK to select traits? “Human Enhancements”
3.    Euthanasia
4.    Invitro fertilization –
a.     Whatever the leftover embryos ? “embryo research”
b.    “moral status of embryos”? what to do about leftovers from in vitro fertilization? Are they ok to experiment on?
5.    Artificial insemination

Human Enhancements /mood personality/intelligence/ physical/ life longevity

6.     compensating athletes after college and professional careers?

bioethics and media
race and bioethics ; race and reproductive rights; forced sterilization?



I



Friday, October 18, 2013

A flyer for this event, with graphics, is available here: http://goo.gl/altu83 

 Homecoming Philosophy Presentation and Discussion
"The Value of Philosophy and its Application to the African-American Community"

John Torrey, Ph.D candidate in Philosophy, University of Memphis, Morehouse Class of 2009, &
William Allen Ph.D candidate in Philosophy, University of Memphis, BA, Emory, MA, GSU
John Torrey will dispel many common myths about the academic field of philosophy. He will argue that there is value – of many kinds – in studying philosophy, especially at the graduate level. William Allen will discuss how John Rawls’ influential theory of justice is relevant to the African-American community. He argues that African-American philosophy, and African-American philosophers, are needed in academia and to help address pressing social problems.

Thursday October 24
2:25 pm - 3:40 pm
Wheeler 214
A flyer for this event, with graphics, is available here: http://goo.gl/altu83 

New Assignments

Some assignments:

1. For Monday, please bring in a list of least 3 bioethical issues that you might want to explore for a final project. The end goal here will be that you develop a paper that you could present at a local student philosophy conference, of which there are at least two coming up.

2. For Wednesday, please bring in the search results for (a) Google Scholar, (b) the Philosophers Index (available through the AUC library) and PubMed on these three (or three other) issues.

3. We have read a number of writings on abortion: Beckwith (who mentions Boonin), Warren and Nobis (who discusses Judith Thompson). I would now like you to write an argumentative paper that (a) carefuly presents and explains the main arguments from at least one of these authors and (b) explains whether these arguments are sound or not.

Here is the Thompson article, edited down a bit:



This is such an important article that I think we should read it in class!

For next Wednesday, please bring a very detailed outline of your paper. This will provide the overall structure for your paper, "the forest for the trees," the parts for the whole.

The final version of the paper will be due a week from next Wednesday.

Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Monday, October 14, 2013

Due Wednesday: a detailed outline of the Warren writing on abortion.

You need to be able to say what her main conclusions are. The topic is, obviously, abortion.
You need to be able to say what her reasons are. Why does she accept the conclusions that she does? What are her arguments?

What objections does she consider? How does she respond to them?


What contrary or alternative views does she discuss? 

Writing Philosophy

Read this, please!
http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/writing.html

Wednesday, October 9, 2013

Assignment Due Monday

Due Monday: summary and reaction to Pence chapters 3, 4, 5, 6 [note: chapter 3 was already assigned, so what was intended was chpaters 4, 5 and 6]

What in these chapters would you like to read more about and discuss more?

Tuesday, October 8, 2013

An Extra Credit Event

An Extra Credit Event

The ethics program at Agnes Scott College presents its 2013-14 lecture series:
"NEUROETHICS: AT THE INTERSECTION OF NEUROSCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY, AND SOCIETY"

October 15: Gillian Hue, "Neuroethics: An Overview"



7:30 pm, Letitia Pate Evans Hall, Rooms ABC 

Gillian Hue is a postdoctoral fellow in Science Education and Ethics in the Program in Science and Society, and a Program Associate in the Neuroethics Program at Emory University. She earned her bachelor's degree in Psychology with a concentration in Behavioral Neuroscience from Washington College in Chestertown, MD. She completed her doctoral research in Neuroscience at Emory University. In her current position, Dr. Hue teaches research ethics for scientists, and develops curricula to promote science literacy and ethical engagement across a range of educational levels.

If you go, you must be on time and take detailed notes and write a reaction which you submit in class after the event. 

Monday, September 30, 2013

Abortion & Embryo Research
-        What is an abortion?
-        What reasons are there to think that abortion is wrong?
-        What reasons are there to think that abortion is morally permissible?
-        What reasons are there to think that some abortions could be morally obligatory?
Is the morality of abortion affected by the circumstance?
-        E.g., rape
-        E.g., the mother’s health or life are at risk
-         E.g., the woman just does not want to have a child or another child … 

Assignment: Introduction and Outline for Rachels paper

James Rachels' "Active and Passive Euthanasia" is one of the most famous papers in bioethics. According to Google Scholar, the article has been discussed or cited by other authors over 500 times.

Although relatively short, the article is complex: it has parts that create the whole.

Your task for this assignment is to write an introduction of a paper that explains Rachels's main (and sub) conclusion(s) and his arguments for those conclusions. Your introduction should explain everything that you will do in the paper in good detail. And you should create an outline for the body and conclusion of the paper that covers every important issue and argument made in Rachels' paper. You should briefly explain in each section of the outline what you will do in that section and how it relates to the overall purpose(s) of your paper.

The challenge for this assignment involves seeing the "forest for the trees" and the "trees for the forest." That is, each part of Rachels' paper - often each paragraph, or set of paragraphs - contributes to the whole of the paper. Part of your task with this project is, by way of this outline, for you to show how each part fits into the overall whole.

But first, read and re-read this article by Pryor: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/writing.html
Make sure that you have read the first 3 sections of the Harvard Writing Book, ideally the whole thing.

Due Monday Oct 7.

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Morehouse Writing Center

You are encouraged to visit the Morehouse Writing Center, in Brawley 200, for help with all your writing projects.



Friday, September 20, 2013

For Wednesday, please very carefully read this reading on writing:
http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/writing.html

Also, please develop an outline for a paper about the Rachels article "Active and Passive Euthanasia" that explains the main arguments from Rachels. And write your introduction to that paper.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Wednesday we started discussing this article "Active and Passive Euthanasia" by James Rachels. We'll continue with this Friday.

One writing assignments for Monday, 9/23 (originally this was two assignments; I'm converting it to one assignment):

What are some of the most important ideas, claims and themes from Pence's chapters 1-3 about ethics and dying? What are some of the most difficult issues to resolve? Please answer these questions with reference to at least three cases from the chapters.  

To ensure that your paper is formatted properly, you should use the paper template here:
http://morehousebioethics.blogspot.com/2013/08/assignment-template.html

P.S. Here is an essay evaluation sheet, most of which would be helpful; the only part that isn't relevant here is the 'thesis' part, since this assignment above doesn't have a thesis.
Essay Evaluation Sheet
Here are some concerns for argumentative essays. How well does your essay address them? 
1.      Introduction: do you have an introduction that explains the topic(s) you will address, or the question(s) you will answer?
2.       Thesis: does your paper have a thesis, that is, a conclusion that you try to support?
3.       Arguments: does your paper give an explicit argument or arguments in support of your conclusion?
a.       Do you explicitly state your premises, and why they should be accepted?
b.      Do you explicitly explain how your premises lead to your conclusions?
4.       Do you respond to any objections or counterarguments? Do you respond to questions that readers might have about your arguments?
5.       Does your paper have a conclusion that reviews what you discussed and what you argued for?
6.       Organization: could your paper be outlined to show its structure? Is it well organized?
7.       Paragraphs: does each paragraph focus on one, and only one, topic?
8.       Writing: is your paper written in plain, ordinary English? Do you use ‘fancy’ words – words that people wouldn’t use in ordinary conversation – only if it is absolutely necessary?
9.       Are there any grammatical and spelling errors?
10.   Are your sentences short and clear? Did you look closely at each sentence to ensure it makes sense?
11.   Did you proofread?
12.   Did you get someone else to read your paper and give you helpful feedback for revision?
13.   Did you revise your paper?
This is available here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/9sxz5wmf3wjwzbb/Essay%20Evaluation%20Sheet.doc

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Writing Assignment for Friday: a revision of the assignment originally due Monday

New writing assignment, due this Friday 9/13. Note additions in red.

How do the different moral theories in the Rachels chapter (“A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy”) (online on the blog) and the Pence chapter explain why the wrong actions (as a group, that we developed in class: you will likely want to mention some items from that last) below are wrong and the not wrong actions are not wrong? Write a short essay (3-4 pages) that explains 
each theory’s answer(s), starting with the theories at the end of the chapter (e.g., Kant and utilitarianism) and working towards the theories at the beginning. Also briefly discuss the African moral theories: links for these are below. For each theory from Rachels and Pence, you should provide a properly cited quote from Rachels and Pence to use to state and explain the theory. Focus on Kant, utilitarianism and the social contract theory, especially Rawls, as presented by Pence. 

Your paper will likely have main claims like this: "According to this theory…. , these actions are wrong because …."


Your paper should have an introduction. It sound begin like this:

"In this paper, I will discuss the topic(s) of _____. The question(s) I will attempt to answer is (are): "

Since this is not an argumentative paper, your paper doesn't have a thesis. Your goal is to just accurately explain the theories. 

Each paragraph should focus on one, and only one, topic. 

To ensure that your paper is formatted properly, you should use the paper template here:
http://morehousebioethics.blogspot.com/2013/08/assignment-template.html

P.S. Here is an essay evaluation sheet, most of which would be helpful; the only part that isn't relevant here is the 'thesis' part, since this assignment above doesn't have a thesis.

Essay Evaluation Sheet

Here are some concerns for argumentative essays. How well does your essay address them?1.      Introduction: do you have an introduction that explains the topic(s) you will address, or the question(s) you will answer?
2.       Thesis: does your paper have a thesis, that is, a conclusion that you try to support?
3.       Arguments: does your paper give an explicit argument or arguments in support of your conclusion?
a.       Do you explicitly state your premises, and why they should be accepted?
b.      Do you explicitly explain how your premises lead to your conclusions?
4.       Do you respond to any objections or counterarguments? Do you respond to questions that readers might have about your arguments?
5.       Does your paper have a conclusion that reviews what you discussed and what you argued for?
6.       Organization: could your paper be outlined to show its structure? Is it well organized?
7.       Paragraphs: does each paragraph focus on one, and only one, topic?
8.       Writing: is your paper written in plain, ordinary English? Do you use ‘fancy’ words – words that people wouldn’t use in ordinary conversation – only if it is absolutely necessary?
9.       Are there any grammatical and spelling errors?
10.   Are your sentences short and clear? Did you look closely at each sentence to ensure it makes sense?
11.   Did you proofread?
12.   Did you get someone else to read your paper and give you helpful feedback for revision?
13.   Did you revise your paper?
This is available here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/9sxz5wmf3wjwzbb/Essay%20Evaluation%20Sheet.doc

Monday, September 9, 2013

Writing Assignment for Monday

New writing assignment, due Monday 9/16.

How do the different moral theories in the Rachels chapter (“A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy”) (online on the blog) explain why the wrong actions (as a group, that we developed in class) below are wrong and the not wrong actions are not wrong? Write a short essay (3-4 pages) that explains each theory’s answer(s), starting with the theories at the end and working towards the theories at the beginning. Also briefly discuss the African moral theories.

Your paper will likely have main claims like this: "According to this theory…. , these actions are wrong because …."

Due Monday 9/16.

Friday, September 6, 2013

Re-reading and writing assignment for Monday NOW WEDNESDAY:
-          How do the different moral theories in the Rachels chapter (“A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy”) (online on the blog) explain why the wrong actions (as a group) below are wrong and the not wrong actions are not wrong? Write a short essay that explains each theory’s answer(s), starting with the theories at the end and working towards the theories at the beginning. J
o    According to this theory…. , these actions are wrong because ….

Re-read for Wed: read the Pence chapter. Answer the discussion questions at the end of the chapter.

For Friday, read the stuff on African moral theories: 


  • Metz, T. (2007), Toward an African Moral Theory. Journal of Political Philosophy, 15: 321–341. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9760.2007.00280.x  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2007.00280.x/full 
  • Gyekye, Kwame, "African Ethics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2011 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2011/entries/african-ethics/>. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/african-ethics/ 
  • Also to do:
    1. Read Introduction and Part 1 of the Harvard book on writing.
    2. Read: "How to Read Philosophy," by Jim Pryor: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/reading.html
    3. The Rachels chapter on moral theories. "A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy."
    4. Pence chapter on Ethical Theories and Bioethics.
    5. Readings on African Ethics. See links above.




    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE OBVIOUSLY WRONG. VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST L
    Anything else that comes up that doesn’t fit either category?
    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE OBVIOUSLY NOT WRONG; and/or permissible, and/or obligatory, and/or good.. . VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST
    • Killing innocent children
    • Raping pregnant women
    • Urinating on homeless people
    • Decapitating cute puppies for pleasure
    • Not saving a child from drowning
    • Forcing people to become addicted to recreational drugs
    • Stealing money from poor people when you are filthy rich
    • Coercion
    • Unnecessary and irrelevant discrimination based on aesthetic preference
    • Acid baths because you are turned down by a love interest
    • Censorship for the purposes of social control
    • Incest = abusive romantic and sexual relationships within family
    • Slavery…
    •  
    •  
    -          Making people laugh.. when it is not at the expense of another, and in an appropriate situation…
    -          Eating food when you are hungry
    -          Sleeping when you are tired..
    -          Paying bills on time; being financially responsible..
    -          Saving innocent lives … when you can (obviously)..
    -          Giving to the poor..
    -          Drinking coffee..
    -          NOT HARMING OTHERS..
    -          BENEFITTING OTHERS …
    -          TREATING PEOPLE FAIRLY..
    -          TREATING PEOPLE WITH RESPECT..





    To Do

    To do:
    1. Read Introduction and Part 1 of the Harvard book on writing.
    2. Read: "How to Read Philosophy," by Jim Pryor: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/reading.html
    3. The Rachels chapter on moral theories. "A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy."
    4. Pence chapter on Ethical Theories and Bioethics.
    5. Readings on African Ethics:

    Wednesday, September 4, 2013

     For Friday:

    1.     DEVELOP A “DATA SET”
    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE OBVIOUSLY WRONG. VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST.

    MAKE A LIST OF ACTIONS (OR CHARACTER TRAITS) THAT YOU THINK MOST PEOPLE WOULD THINK ARE NOT WRONG. VIVID, EXTREME, UNCONTROVERSIAL EXAMPLES ARE BEST.
    2.     EXPLAIN WHY THE WRONG ACTIONS BELONG ON THE WRONG LIST: THAT IS, WHAT IT IS ABOUT THE WRONG ACTIONS THAT MAKE THEM WRONG.
    3.     HOW DO THE THEORIES FROM THE READINGS ANSWER QUESTION (2)?




    Make a list of theories:
    THEORIES EXPLAIN … OBSERVATIONS / DATA
    Evolutionary theory .
    Theories of learning.. explain how people learn…
    Political Theories .. social theories..
    Scientific theories … such as the Theory of relativity; theory of gravity..
    Psychological theories. Freud’s theory…

               

    Why?
    If an action is like Y, then that action is wrong.
    All actions that are Z are morally permissible.
    Moral principles:
    A premise that gives some sufficient conditions for when an action is W, MP or MO.
    Moral theories:
    Theories that…

    Any action where A, B and C are the case are actions that are moral obligations

    Friday, August 30, 2013

    Two Logically Invalid Argument forms:
    Denying the Antecedent:

    If P, then Q.
    Not P.
    Therefore, not Q.

    Affirming the Consequent:

    If P, then Q.
    Q.
    Therefore, P.

    Read for Wednesday, 9/4:
    o   Rachels, The Right Thing to Do: Ch.1 “A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy,” available here for students don’t yet have the books: http://aphilosopher.googlepages.com/rachels-intro-to-ethics.pdf Focus on the second half of the chapter, on utilitarianism and Kant's ethics. 


    Please also read the last Pence chapter on moral theories.
    After this, we will briefly review the chapters in Rachels on utilitarian and Kantian moral theory in greater detail, discuss John Rawls’s moral theory, an African ethical theory [ some writings from http://philpapers.org/s/Thaddeus%20Metz  

    DUE NOW Wednesday, 9/4:: WITHOUT READING ANYTHING ABOUT THESE TOPICS – E.G., DO NOT SEARCH THE INTERNET – please write a short (2-3 page) essay that (1) identifies a bioethical issue and (2) presents at least three arguments in favor of a stated conclusion about this issue.

    Please write this essay on the basis of what you already know: again, please do not do any research for this paper (if you do, Turnitin might reveal that and you will be penalized!). This is an assignment to measure where you are at now. If you take it seriously and put in a good effort, your grade will reflect that. 

    Assignment given Friday

    This assignment was given Friday, due Monday or Wednesday (now Wednesday, 9/4):
    Please write a short piece that answers these questions, and any other related questions you'd like to discuss:

    • Why are you taking a philosophy course, or why have you taken philosophy courses?
    • What benefits can come from philosophy courses?
    • How would you best achieve these benefits, that is, make it most likely that you get these benefits?
    • How will you make the most of your courses so that they best contribute to your meeting your goals, both short and long term?

    Wednesday, August 28, 2013

    Assignment Template

    An assignment template file to be downloaded to your own computer is here in Rich Text Format and in Word. Your papers should be in this format (see below):


    Final project assignment!

    Final project assignment for Bioethics

    1. Find a bioethical topic of interest.
    2. Find a scholarly article that argues for a position on that issue, or an aspect of that issue, published within the last 3 years.  
      1. Check the Philosophers’ Index, Google Scholar, Medline / PubMed and other search tools identified by the librarian, Brad Ost.
      2. If you can find a recent article that has been responded to in the scholarly literature, that might be even better.
    3. Write a critical response paper where you explain the main argument(s) from the paper and critically evaluate it (or them ). To do this you must carefully state the argument in logically valid form, explain the reasons the author gives for each premise, and then explain whether you think these given reasons are good reasons or not, in light of your objections and counter-arguments. See “Guidelines on Writing Philosophy”: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/guidelines/writing.html
    4. This should all be written in a manner that someone who knows little about the issue can read your paper and understand it. The paper should be carefully written, revised multiple times.
    5. This paper should be approximately 3000 words, an ideal length to present at an undergraduate research in philosophy or ethics conference, and/or to submit to a student journal. And it can be likely used as your senior thesis or part of it.
    6. You will also give a presentation on your paper, again for an audience that knows little about these topics.

    Even more details forthcoming!

    Tuesday, August 27, 2013

    Event

    March on Washington Commemorative Teach-In  
    2 pm - 3:30 pmWednesday, August 28th at the AUC Woodruff Library (see flyer attached).  I am sure it will be an empowering experience for us all. 
     
     50th ANNIVERSARY 
    MARCH on Washington
    Teach-In and Viewing of Documents
    Wednesday, August 28, 2013
    2:00-3:30pm
    Exhibition Hall
    Robert W. Woodruff Library
    Atlanta University Center

    Monday, August 26, 2013

    Things to Do

    1. Carefully read the syllabus. Any questions?
    2. Sign up for Google email group.
    3. Get Turnitin account. It's free.
    4. Get books and other materials.
    5. Short writing assignment due Wednesday. :) See below. 

    This assignment was given Friday, due Wednesday:
    Please write a short piece that answers these questions, and any other related questions you'd like to discuss:

    • Why are you taking a philosophy course, or why have you taken philosophy courses?
    • What benefits can come from philosophy courses?
    • How would you best achieve these benefits, that is, make it most likely that you get these benefits?
    • How will you make the most of your courses so that they best contribute to your meeting your goals, both short and long term?
    6. Assignment originally given for Wednesday, now due Friday. This was on the syllabus:


    DUE FRIDAY: WITHOUT READING ANYTHING ABOUT THESE TOPICS – E.G., DO NOT SEARCH THE INTERNET – please write a short (2-3 page) essay that (1) identifies a bioethical issue and (2) presents at least three arguments in favor of a stated conclusion about this issue.

    Please write this essay on the basis of what you already know: again, please do not do any research for this paper (if you do, Turnitin might reveal that and you will be penalized!). This is an assignment to measure where you are at now. If you take it seriously and put in a good effort, your grade will reflect that. J

    Saturday, August 24, 2013

    Assignment given Friday

    This assignment was given Friday, due Monday or Wednesday:
    Please write a short piece that answers these questions, and any other related questions you'd like to discuss:

    • Why are you taking a philosophy course, or why have you taken philosophy courses?
    • What benefits can come from philosophy courses?
    • How would you best achieve these benefits, that is, make it most likely that you get these benefits?
    • How will you make the most of your courses so that they best contribute to your meeting your goals, both short and long term?